Argentina is located in the southern extreme of South America. With a continental extension of 2.791.810 Km2.(including Malvinas Islands, other South Atlantic Islands and part of Antarctica). Argentina is the second largest country in South America and the eighth in the world.
Including the Antarctic Sector, Argentina claims a total area of 3.761.274 Km2
It is some 1425 Km across at its widest from east to west and stretches 3.800 Km from the north to the south.
it is bounded by Bolivia and Paraguay on the north, Brasil, Uruguay and the Atlantic Ocean on the east, and by the Atlantic Ocean and Chile on the west and south.
The western part of Argentina is occupied by the Andes mountain range, the great mountain system of the South American continent. Here we find the Aconcagua (6.959 m), the highest peak in the world outside those existing in the Himalaya.
There also exists several parallel ranges to the east of the Andes, such as the Eastern Mountain range and the Sub-Andean sierras to the north ,The Pampean Sierras to the north and centre from the Aconquija up to the Sierras of Córdoba and San Luis, and Buenos Aires sierras systems such as Tandilia and Ventania
The central part and the east of Argentina (except for the parallel groups to the Andes already mentioned) consist almost entirely of a flat or gently undulating plain.
Sports and natureThe practice of sports in Argentina is varied due to the population's diverse European origins and the mostly mild climate. Association football is the most popular discipline and other sports played both professionally and recreatively include athletics, auto racing, basketball, boxing, cricket, cycling, field hockey, fishing, golf, handball, mountaineering, padel tennis, polo, roller hockey, rowing, rugby union, sailing, skiing, swimming, tennis and volleyball. Argentine achievements can be found both in team sports such as association football, basketball, field hockey and rugby union, and individual sports such as boxing, golf, tennis and rowing. Pato, the national sport, is not very popular. Argentina is one of the most important sport powers in the region, ending at the top of the medal count at the South American Games since 1978, exceptions being 2002 and 2010. In the all-time medal table of the Pan American Games, Argentina holds first place among South American countries and fourth place in the Americas, behind the United States, Canada and Cuba. Despite a relative lack of success at the Olympic level in more traditional sports like athletics, swimming, and gymnastics, Argentina has had successful participations in other sports like association football, basketball, boxing, field hockey, tennis and volleyball
NightlifeNightlife in Argentina is just about as eclectic as you can get and you will have ample opportunity to try a bit of what you know and love, as well as experiencing some new things characteristic to the country. From the urban centres that are at the cutting edge of the modern art world to the provincial towns where local customs rule, Nightlife in Argentina is something to be explored, understood and above all, enjoyed. Theatre In terms of theatre, Argentina is a great place to catch an interesting performance and cultural calendars are full up throughout the year in the big cities. Avenida Corrientes in the City of Buenos Aires is where the largest concentration of theatres can be found. Productions can be anything from local Argentine theatre groups to large international performances. Theatre fanatics should not miss the opportunity to visit Córdoba's stunning Teatro del Liberador San Martín or an atmospheric production staged in the Jesuit Crypt. Restaurants A good meal will never be far away in Argentina and there is an enormous range of restaurants throughout the country. Mendoza has some of Argentina's most top notch eateries and your dining experience is made even more unforgettable by the exquisite wines produced in the region. Buenos Aires is at the height of style and experimental modern cuisine - between the neighbourhoods of southern San Telmo and northern Recoleta you can find anything from traditional Argentine grills, italian restaurants, all you can eat buffets and swankily designed modern lounges. For more wholesome bohemian style munch check out student filled Nueva Córdoba in Argentina's Córdoba, whilst traditional Argentine fare is at its best in Salta. Music, Bars and Nightclubs local bar in Buenos Aires The Argentine music scene is one of the most eclectic in all Latin America and is what makes the nightlife in Argentina so special. This musical diversity is apparent throughout the country in live music venues, bars and nightclubs. Whilst the rhythm of the tango is sure to characterise much of your trip to Argentina, there is much more in the way of music just waiting to be discovered... Classical music can be heard all over the country and the Casa de Cultura in Salta is an especially good place to see some as it is also home to the Salta Symphonic Orchestra. Salta is also probably your best bet for catching some traditional Argentine music and dance. The city of Buenos Aires has a bit of everything and some particularly good live music locales where jazz and blues is the order of the day. For clubs and bars you can't fail to have a good time as Argentina is home to millions of different places filled with party people. If you are looking for a modern music scene with international big name dj's and impressive venues, you can't do much better than Buenos Aires. Clubs and bars in Argentina's trendy capital are at the forefront of modern entertainment and you can find just about anything from electro, house, drum 'n' bass and techno to funk, soul, salsa and tango. Take a peek at our guide to Entertainment in Buenos Aires for more information. And the fun doesn't stop outside BA, if it's glamour and glitz you're after then head straight to Rosario, where the party isn't complete without some VIP's. For a more relaxed vibe join the students in Córdoba or you could always sweat it out with the fun loving party animals in Mendoza or Bariloche. Nightclubs and bars in Salta tend to be more traditional and latin american music abounds.
Culture and historyAlong with numerous nomadic tribespeople, two main indigenous groups existed in Argentina before the European arrival. In the northwest, near Bolivia and the Andes, was a people known as the Diaguita, while further south and to the east were the Guarani. Together the Diaguita and the Guarani constitute the origins of permanent agricultural civilization in Argentina, both developing the cultivation of maize. The Diaguita are also remembered for having successfully prevented the powerful Inca from expanding their empire into Argentina from what is now Bolivia. It was perhaps a legacy of this successful resistance that enabled the native peoples of Argentina to carry on a prolonged campaign against colonization and rule by the Spanish. The first Spaniard to land in Argentina, Juan de Solis, was killed in 1516, and several attempts to found Buenos Aires were stymied by the local inhabitants. Inland cities were more successful, and it wasn't until the late 16th century that Buenos Aires was securely established. Despite its military success, indigenous resistance was inexorably weakened by the introduction of diseases from Europe. Even after the native threat became minimal, however, Argentina was still mostly neglected by Spain, which was more interested in developing Lima and the riches of Peru. Buenos Aires was forbidden to trade with foreign countries, and the city became a smuggler's haunt. The restrictive trade Img0041.jpg (26523 bytes)policy probably did little to endear Spain to the colonists. The British attacked Buenos Aires in 1806 and 1807, as Spain's had come under the control of Napoleonic France. The colony managed to repulse Britain's attacks without any assistance from their mother country, an act of strength that no doubt helped to foster the region's growing sense of independence. When the French captured Spain's King Ferdinand VII, Argentina fell completely under the rule of the local viceroyalty, which was highly unpopular. The locals rebelled against the viceroyalty and declared their allegiance to the captive king. By 1816, the deep division between Argentina and its mother country had become quite apparent, and a party of separatists decided to declare the country's independence. One of the new patriots, Jose de San Martin, crossed the Andes and captured Lima. Along with Simon Bolivar, Martin is credited with breaking the shackle of Spanish rule in South America. Early independence in Argentina was marked by an often bitter struggle between two political groups: the Unitarists and the Federalists. The Unitarists wanted a strong central government, while the Federalists wanted local control. Argentina's culture has been greatly affected by its immigrant population, mostly European. Their influence contributed to the demise of pre-Columbian cultures, resulting in the lack of a dominant indigenous population. The European immigrant groups each adopted different roles. The Basque and Irish controlled sheep rearing, the Germans and Italians established farms, and the British invested in developing the country's infra- structure. Img0063.jpg (21767 bytes)More than one-third of the country's 32 million people live in Buenos Aires, the capital, which along with other urban areas accounts for almost 90% of the total population. The principal indigenous peoples are the Quechua of the northwest and the Mapuche in Patagonia. Other marginal groups include the Matacos and Tobas in the Chaco and other northeastern cities. There are strong Jewish and Anglo-Argentine communities throughout the country; small communities of Japanese, Chileans and Bolivians; and enclaves of Paraguayan and Uraguayan residents. The universal language of Argentina is Spanish, but many natives and immigrants keep their mother tongues as a matter of pride.
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