For a long time, the Galapagos Penguin is considered endangered. The International Union for Conservation of Nature, or IUCN, listed it as endangered in 1988. Galapagos Penguins have seen a dramatic decline in population due to a variety of threats. El Nino, for example, has caused ocean water temperatures to rise and decreased the food available for penguins. Human activities such as habitat destruction and overfishing have contributed to the decrease of this species.
Galapagos Penguins and their habitat are being protected by conservation efforts, which include the creation of marine protection areas and monitoring programs. These efforts may have stabilized the population in some ways, but the Galapagos Penguin is still classified as an endangered species.