Trip Style: Cultural – Archeological
Peru does not have one climate. Because Peru is close to the equator, the seasons are hardly affectedby changes in the state of the sun. However there can be observed some differences between the months November to April and April to November. Due to the very diverse landscape that Peru has, there are serveral distinct climatic zones. The climate depends on the geographical location, altitude and sea currents, so we can divided Peru in three climitac zones:
From Lima: 1h20 min
From Arequipa: 0h45 min
From Puno Juliaca: 0h45 min
From Lima: 21h30
From Arequipa: 10h00
From Puno: 08h00
Cusco is a city in southeastern Peru near the Urubamba Valley of the Andes mountain range. In 1983 the historical capital of the Inca Empire was declared World Heritage Site. Today the city is a jumping-off point for the Inca Trail and famous Inca city Machu Picchu. Cusco got his name in a special way; legend tells that in the 12th century, the sun god Inti looked down on the earth and decided that the people needed organizing, so he created the first Inca, Manco Cápac, and his sister-wife, Mama Ocllo. They came to life on Isla del Sol (Sun Island), way over in Lake Titicaca, with a long walk ahead of them. Inti gave Manco Cápac a golden rod and told him to settle in the spot where he could plunge it into the ground until it disappeared:this would be the navel of the earth, Qosq´o in the Quechua language, Cusco.
The Sacred Valley of the Incas or the Urubamba Valley is a valley in the Andes of Peru, close to the Inca capital of Cusco and the ancient city of Machu Picchu. The valley was formed by the Urubamba River. The star attractions are the lofty Inca citadels of Pisacand Ollantaytambo. Pisac is known for its craft market, by far the biggest in the region. You can visit the market daily but the official market days are Tuesday, Thursday and Sunday.Ollantaytambo is an Inca archeological site and dominated by two massive Inca ruins.
Machu Picchu is a 15th century Inca site located 2.430 meters above sea level. It is also called ¨Lost city of the Incas¨ and declared by the UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1983. Machu Picchu was built in the classical Inca Style, with polished dry-stone walls. In 2007 Machu Picchu was voted one of the ¨New Seven Wonders of the World¨.